Abraham Ortelius, in Parergon, Antwerp, 1595
Osher Collection, University of Southern Maine
This map depicts the central Italian region of Eturia, later named Tuscany, home of the ancient Etruscans. Believed to have migrated from Asia Minor, the Etruscans were successful traders who built a number of cities, among them Florence, and developed an advanced civilization noted for its art. Etruria was eventually defeated by and annexed to Rome.