Abraham Ortelius, in Parergon, Antwerp, 1595
Osher Collection, University of Southern Maine
This map, oriented with north to the right, contains place names from the Roman period. Ireland is Hibernia, England is Britannia Major and Scotland is Britannia Minor or Scotia. The Scottish highlands are Caledonia, and London is Londinum Augusta. An inscription adjacent to London indicates the point at which Caesar crossed the Themes (Tamesis) River.