Abraham Ortelius, in Parergon, Antwerp, 1595
Osher Collection, University of Southern Maine
This map depicts the vast area conquered by the young Macedonian king Alexander the Great, extending eastwards from Byzantium and Egypt to the Indus River. An inset in the lower left corner presents a finely engraved bird's-eye view of the oracle of Zeus at Ammon, Egypt. Surmounting the dedication cartouche at the lower right is an engraving of a gold coin bearing the helmuted likeness of Alexander.